Arthroscopic Surgery

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Dr. Paul Myer is excited to bring this new option to clients and their pets at Hawthorne Animal Hospital- Glen Carbon.
Arthroscopic Surgery

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure surgeons use to visualize, diagnose and treat problems inside a joint. In an arthroscopic examination, the surgeon makes a small incision in the patient’s skin and then inserts pencil sized instruments that contain a small lens and lighting system attached to a miniature video camera to magnify and illuminate the structures inside the joint. The surgeon is then able to see the interior of the joint through this very small incision rather than a large incision needed for surgery. The image is magnified up to 20x. The video camera displays the magnified image of the joint on a video monitor, allowing the surgeon to look, for example, throughout the knee (stifle) at cartilage and ligaments, and under the kneecap (patella). The surgeon can determine the amount or type of injury and then repair or correct the problem with specially designed instruments that are inserted into the joint through small accessory incisions.

Some of the most frequent conditions found during arthroscopic examinations of the joints in dogs are:

  • Loose bodies of bone and cartilage:
    OCD – Osteochondrosis / Osteochondtritis Dissecans of the knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle
  • Inflammation: Acute and Chronic
    Synovitis — inflamed lining (synovium) in knee (stifle), shoulder, elbow, or hip
    Bursitis — inflammation of a sac-like structure that surrounds ligaments
  • Injury:
    Shoulder — OCD, inflammation or tears of the bicipital tendon, rotator cuff injuries
    Knee — cranial cruciate ligament tears with instability, meniscal (fibrocartilage) tears, chondromalacia (softening, wearing or injury of cartilage)
    Elbow — OCD, UAP and FCP associated with elbow dysplasia
    Hip — tearing of the ligaments or joint capsule, cartilage damage